In this Constitution the education is to have of the family and the State, as right of all. After World War II, the Constitution of 1946, in art. 166, extend the paper of the education, declaring that the education is right of all and will be given in the home and the school. Human being must be felt inspired in the principles of freedom and the ideals of solidarity. As Spider (1996) with the redemocratizao of Brazil, in the period that if extended of 1945 up to 1964 brought obtains the spreading of the national-popular teses that they searched to democratize the culture by means of the eradication of the illiteracy. The author tells that with the end of the New State in Brazil, it is returned the state of right, being this known period as Second Republic. In this period it occurs the promulgation of the first Law of Lines of direction and Bases of the National Education? LDB 4.024/61.
The text of this law moved per 13 years in the National Congress this leaves clearly that the education in our country does not have the really necessary priority that to have. Between 1948 e1961 occurred ample debate enter the defenders of the New School, mainly represented in the figure of Ansio Teixeira and the forces conservatives, lined up with then the member of the house of representatives Carlos Lacerda. The adopted educational politics with the promulgation of the first LDB (1961), in general way, the school was centered in the education of the writing, reading and calculation, with the adoption of a traditional methodology as the formador objective was neglected to the education of the techniques to read, to write and to count. As Spider (1996), one more time, is clearly that the organization of education is adjusted to the partner-economic context and politician, with intention to guarantee the interests of the ruling classes.
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Our school and our pupils had become statisticians mere? Most important in the question of the alfabetizao they are not the statisticians and yes the quality of the education that our pupils receive. Our governing would have to think about the formation of the individual fully capable to carry through its activities as effective participant citizen of the society. Chapter 3? Construction of the learning of Reading and Writing with pleasure in the Infantile Education and basic Ensino. Beyond teaching to read and to write, the school and professors must awake in the pupils the pleasure in learning, in constructing and extending knowledge, developing the orality and perfecting it, respected its previous opinions, difficulties and knowledge. 2.1. Chapter 1? Functional illiteracy In accordance with UNESCO, functional illiterate is all the person who, although to recognize and to write the code, proper name to read and to grafar some phrases is incapable to interpret what it reads, therefore, it does not obtain to extract the direction of the words and nor to write them. (PRIETO, 2008) It has people that, exactly being alfabetizadas, they do not obtain to understand messages simple as a letter, an announcement of periodical or an acknowledgment, or until colleges student who feel difficulty when interpreting declared texts or of questions in a test, in competitions, he takes what them to get resulted well below of the desired one.
Understanding involves much more that decoding She is necessary, first, to understand what if it asks for, to mount the problem, using the had formulas, for finally arriving the reply. In a similar way, it is not enough to know to read to understand what he is being read. QUEILLA (2010). This is a serious problem that goes beyond the banks of the school. The incompetence for the full reading and writing causes a social difficulty therefore the functional illiterates is incapable to carry through basic tasks of its personal and mainly professional life, and also the psychological factor as auto-they esteem, security, generating a miniature communicative capacity.
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