Bosi says that they do not belong to the category of literary, but the pure one criticizes historical, it recognizes that it is thanks to these stories of the landscape, the indian and social groups, that we can catch the primitive conditions of our culture. All these texts of information have as characteristic the information, as Bosi says, was traders, navigators, adventurers, and military who when arriving of the Europe here in Brazil, fascinated themselves with the beauty of our land they informed on Brazil for the Europe. Afrnio Coutinho in its book ' ' Literature in the Brasil' ' it defines the characters of Brazilian Literature, says that before making a definition, we must first have a vision of the scene and the context where if inserted Brazil at this time, make reference to one reference ' ' movement duplo' ' , that is, a double character that is telluric the spontaneous one, the disintegration and the abandonment of an old conscience of another side, the complex culture that is the construction of a new mentality. Telluric they were the writers who searched inspiration in the land in the unconscious one. The requintados ones carried through desenraizados cults that if came back toward the European cultural sources. This character between the search of a local tradition in substitution of a European tradition, is the moments that mark the initial literature of the colony, subject that sufficiently will be explicitado in files of legal documents of the Priest Jose de Anchieta whose workmanship is differentiated of informative documents because beyond letters reports of documentary and historical value, Anchieta also wrote poetry and theater. Priest Jose de Anchieta, arrived at Brazil with intention to make catequese to our indians, that is to transform them through the religion catholic. From 1552 the call starts a new A stage Brazilian Jesutica Literature that has as great information the religion catholic, was texts and poems that the Jesuit priests commanded by the priest Jose Anchieta and the Manoel priest of the N3obrega made for our indians counting they it history of the church catholic.