Classical Philosophy

For all its diversity to classical philosophy is a general ideological style, integrity and unity of meaning and a special type of philosophizing, expressed as follows: Classical philosophies differ claim to integrity, completeness, monologically-didactic style of presentation, explaining the laws of objective and subjective reality. Classical rationalism describe the objective world in terms of active perception of the world work. Moreover, activity was understood through the mind, ie, identification of place and consciousness (with the exception of Marxism, which was characterized by understanding of the practice both substantive and spiritual activities that go beyond the classical consciousness). Rational knowledge, boundless faith in science, progress, and the ability vneindividualnogo individual mind, the possibility of reconstruction of the world on the basis of classical philosophy of Reason proclaimed decisive force. It was believed that between knowledge, acting in a logical form, and the world there is consistency, because the world is inherent internal order, and it is only thinker to find the matching principle as a universal method of learning. For classical philosophy is characterized by setting the search supersensible principles and limit the grounds of being, existence, universal, the essence of man and the world, the universal principles of human history, general knowledge of methods.

In classical philosophy, the highest absolute value is mind, which is regarded as a cognitive ability, which has sverhopytnoy entity, ie not derivable from experience and not reducible to it, and as a means of explaining the world and man through the establishment cause-effect relationships, and as a means of rebuilding and improving the world and man, and as an inexhaustible potential of independent art. The essence of man is defined here the boundaries of his mind, for it reduced to the cognitive ability to comprehend the essence. In accordance with the recognition of the unlimited possibilities of the human mind in the classical philosophy of freedom is understood as the freedom of having no boundaries, as absolute freedom of the individual, as the need to know the mind. Classic scientific rationalism, orients as basic principles for the absolute truth, be extended to other types of rationality: economic, aimed at maximizing profit, political, implying a reasonable and effective embodiment of power, etc. The style of philosophizing classical philosophy because of its orientation on ideals of scientific rationality is characterized as a rule, the rigor, logic, proof, rational, rational reasoning scheme, focus on the use of a priori justification of schemes of knowledge and opportunity achieve absolute knowledge. Philosophical knowledge itself is constructed as a particular form of objective knowledge (eg, Hegel, Kant), the subject is, a thinker, as a classic outside studies and their status, and external to him being, having right to think for others, as the exclusive holder of the truth. For the classic characteristic of deep belief in the natural order of world order, if it contains a reasonable order and harmony, universal method knowledge of general principles of development history, available rational comprehension.