Had to these characteristics it gains relevance the handling and the preservation of the existing hdricos resources in the region for the areas of draining of waters for the courses of the rivers. However, the hidrogrfica basin is a territory, microcosm delimited for the proper nature. Its limits are courses d? water that converges to one same point. Through its natural resources (fauna, flora and ground) and its social groups, they possess different biological, physical, economic and cultural characteristics that allow to individualizar and to command its handling in function of its particularitities and identity. Therefore, through the adequate handling of the hdricos resources in the region it is imperative to motivate the water as a economic and social good of qualitative nature for its use as one natural resources and integrant part of the ecosystem of the Caatinga.
With the objective to take care of and to harmonize the real obligations in the diverse activities human beings. In the construction of small infrastructures the opened sky, such as small next dams or mire-trench the house, that would function as great watering holes for captation and storage, is an alternative that will be able to compose a more diversified strategy of handling of the water. Therefore, only through the Ambient Education as a process of conscience taking politics, institucional and of the ambient reality of the man in society, to analyze, in set with the community by means of formal and not formal mechanisms, for the best alternatives of protection of the nature and the partner-economic development with the biosfera. Allowing still more in offering to priorities to the contentment of the basic necessities of its continuous use and the protection of the ecosystems that remain in the Microregions of the Wasteland Paraibano.A MESORREGIO AND ITS IMPORTANCE the State of Paraba presents an area of 56.469, 466 km2, possessing 223 cities with 249 districts.