Ahead of this reality, a necessity of special treatment is perceived stops with the children, who until then they were not recognized as a being child, but as an adult in miniature. From then on it is created notion of infncia and this necessary infantile being of formation. The bourgeois society contribue in the construction of pertaining to school institutions, making possible the access the education to the children, privilege this, that was part of the life of few, more necessarily of the religious ones. Until then, the people were one part cculo of convivncia in which they located themselves in one same text of equality; adults and children participated of the same conditions of work and the same wheels of colloquy. Of this form same histories were shared by adult children and, since it was custom of the old ones to carry through descontrao moments, by means of the transmission of the popular histrias. Valley to stand out the fact of that such histories were of extremely violent character, its messages transmitted the enormous capacity of the man in what if it treats to execute cruel acts stops with its next one. The figure of the mothers, in many stories, she was shown as a being me and the unhappy one whom part of a space corrupted for the misery and the poverty was and, this vine to justify, perhaps, the existence of its badness and the lack of escrpulos. According to studious of the subject, the original versions of the stories that we know, today, visibly show the actions of cruelty of the mothers in relation to the children. Considering the reality in which the school appeared, it is natural that let us perceive the existing precariousness, how much to the available material for its white public, the children. These information become pertinent the consensus of that Infantile Literature was born in an entirely adult universe.