between 1989 and 2008). After all, the Brics is powerful. Populous, industrialized and with very capital circulating inside of these countries, they possess in the interventionist capitalism (even though China, that swears that she is communist/socialist is an interventionist capitalism in bigger degree) its common characteristic greater. All the Brics sonecessariamente regional geopolitical powers and with the weakness of the central power, that is, of the rich countries developed, affected for> 2008 crisis, had gained relevance world-wide. Brazil is the great geopolitical power of the South America, for simple fatode to almost possess 50% of the regional GIP, the population and the territory, being that this power is centered in an only capital, Brasilia. A neighborhood however is fragile, therefore it is presented of disarticulated form, it possesss many conflicts between them, as disputes for islands and exits for the sea and the crisis of identity, therefore they are not firmed as capitalist nor socialist, remaining a great division in the interior of these.
Moreover the icons appear of the bolivarianismo of century XXI, now in the populist socialist version, the personages of Lugo, Chavez, Evo amongst others, substituting famous Fidel Castro. This picture, associated the economic fragility, with lesser degrees of industrialization, makes possible to Brazil to lead the South America, occupying the vacuum of being able left for the United States, that if the fall of the wall of Berlin after transformed into minimum state, of the end of the Ussr and War Cold in the decade of ninety of century XX. History in the sample that Brazil always presented imperialistas pretensions, being the great expansion of its territory a great example of this thought. Beyond occupying part of the territories, it created wars and it manipulated governing of the bordering countries. Brazil, in recent History, grants loans and invests in the American countries south, as for Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina Equator amongst others, being that nor always the return of this money is friendly and or guaranteed. However, to exert the leadership continental (or sub-continental) one becomes necessary to offer, to credit, despite incipient to the world-wide standards and an ample consuming market. President Lula possesss the impetus still more to transform Brazil into a planetary power, what he is proper of the old sovietismo, that permeia the imaginary one of the American Latin left, and in function of this, still more exerts the influence on its neighboring region.
It is accurately this region that grants status of Brazil to belong to the select group of the BRics, the new powers. However, the presence of the Incio Luis in the presidency of the regional power, created breaches so that the left of the neighborhood also reached the power and questioned ' ' influncia' ' of Brazil. Evo and Lugo are good examples, when questioning the presence of the Petrobra’s and the debt of the Itaip. Although the regrets, the region of the South America is pacifies and Brazil, unquestionedly is its leader, recognized world measures. It remains to know, if when reaching one high degree of being able international, Brazil will contribute for the regional development or it will be continued to still more create discords and divisions in its neighbors, tumultuating conturbada histories of them. Prof. Ivan Santiago Hisses – graduated geography, after graduated titular eprofessor Education the Superior Institute of Sciences Applied of the course of Geography, you discipline in them of Organization of the Space and Regional Geography