This work had as objective to identify what literature recommends in correct and brought up to date way as to carry through the cleanness of surgical instruments: contributing in such a way with the accomplishment of the existing processes of cleanness for permanent surgical instruments. It presents qualitative boarding, through the revision of bibliographical and described research as information search on the subject cleanness of permanent surgical instruments. For in such a way, it describes the description of the cleanness of instrumental materials/, it informs on the importance of the Central office of Material and Sterilization in the hospitals and describes the types of objective and efficient cleanness that can be carried through in this sector in correct way. The cleanness and the beginning of the success in the sterilization process, can be made or in way manually automatized, through the application of water and soap or detergent. The cleanness is one process by which material strangers (organic substance, sujicidade) of surfaces and objects are removed. These can be critical articles, semicritical articles and not-critical articles. The cleanness process must only be carried through with Equipment of individual Protection, used for the collaborators, preventing in such a way the exposition of risk of contamination of the professional during activity of work. The environment where and carried through the cleanness of surgical instruments, must be inside of the norms established for the Service, health department Sanitary Monitoring of the State and City department of the Health. Word-key: cleanness, instruments, articles, equipment of individual protection.