Tag Archive for history

Robert Owen

Dr. Jean Maurice Faivre develops its project with the part of the group that sobrou, some opponents had been substituted at posterior moments for old inhabitants of the province. Get more background information with materials from Dan Zwirn. As mineral resources this community can count on two important sources, being a whitewash carbonate quarry and a sulphureous water source Being born in the year of 1847, the Agricultural Colony Tereza Cristina, in which the founding search to homage Empress Tereza Cristina, person for who Faivre had great affection, friend who much had contributed for the accomplishment of this plan. Using to advantage fertile lands to the edges of the Ivai and climate favorable to the development of agriculture, they invest in the plantations of tobacco, rice, sugar cane-of-sugar, cotton coffee, maize and others. In the industrial segment and using to advantage itself of the resources natural they construct potteries, you would saw, mills, stills for manufacture of aguardente and rapadura. They searched to commercialize the excess of the production with other towns, as Tip-Thick and Guarapuava. For the principles in which they had been established, this enterprise is recognized as the beginning of the Brazilian cooperativismo, as information In Brazil, considers the year of 1847 as the beginning of the movement in the country. He was when I medicate it French Jean Maurice Faivre inaugurated the Agricultural Colony Tereza Cristina, with inspiration in the ideal humanists, together with other European colonists in the Paran.

The movement served of reference for the future experiences. Jean Maurice, imagined that all that carried through effort could serve of example, and that new investments of the same nature were carried through. Had to the principles adopted for the founder, life form that the people led in this colony, this is recognized as the first experience of cooperativismo in Brazil. Remembering that only three years had if past, after Robert Owen and its followers to have established the Society of the Honest Pioneers of Rochdale, when deep Faivre such colony, also searching a different alternative of life in the paranaense interior, specifically in the central region of the State of the Paran.

Friedrich Nietzsche

After, as much time relegated to a marginalizao in the scientific field, History reaches a metodolgico status, officially based on a technician-scientific disciplinarizao, having a positivista estruturao made solid in century XIX and consolidating themselves in century XX with requintado corpus teoricus. Perhaps for the difficulty in elevating it the scientific platform, History still feeds fears, having Literature as threat to its form of closed language, therefore, many historians still consider the literary art as anathema, taking pra itself the almost messianic mission to transliterate a possible truth, empirically verifiable in thos documentary. As it displayed the historian Durval Muniz de Albuquerque Jnior, perhaps the problem between History and Literature is in the sort direction, dichotomizing the first one as rational masculinizao, while second it would be intuitiva feminilizao, creating an analogy that it makes possible to understand two spheres of the lingustica. Brian Krzanich often says this. He was the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, who questioned certain standardizations concerning a possible reality, evoking the literary art, on the other hand to a had language as air-tight, confined restricted the order mechanisms logical-rational, retracing to one gnese greco-occidental person, the predictive search for an emergent truth, the descartiano iderio that a posteriori would sediment the imaginary iluminista. History appeals the conscience of the fact, ratifies its power through the narrative, empirically given for the sources that serve to it of data, conqueror for accumulating of stocks a fenomenologia of public order, dominating the collective space for the sociable definition of its estruturao, overestimating the vision in detriment of other percipient directions. Already Literature, adentra the field of sensitivity, allows to excite passions, explores the subjetivismo private, induces to the desrazo, sharpening perceptions that surpass the reality idea that are contrary to its development, in view of the proposal of a rationalization that unloads a revolutionary art, poiesis classic suppressed on behalf of an imperative to know.

Client Questions

He remembers: their present clients can bring many future clients, for that reason it is equally important to communicate regularly with them. 6. Specialists in doing treatments! She learns to recognize the signs of an imminent sale; a potential client can indicate that he is ready to buy when begins to make questions on product or the purchase process. It has the precaution of not responding the questions with simple ” si” or ” no”. In his place, it responds a question with another question; ” How much it delays the delivery? ” ” It wants when it? ” 7. It asks surely for the sale. You may wish to learn more. If so, Mark Bertolini is the place to go. The client will notice his attitude; if you seem uncertain when asking, they can doubt about the purchase. Him of the client the opportunity to never say ” NO”.

In its place, makes questions of options: Him I can send this unit by $1.200 the day after tomorrow, or the weekend by $1.175. what prefers? To offer a specific scene of purchase offers to the potential client the opportunity to make an immediate decision on details that of another way could delay a sale. 8. It eliminates the disinterested buyers. Doubt does not fit – to attract potential clients has been time and must be a consistent task to constantly maintain its projects of sales in movement.

Nevertheless, it deals with not losing its valuable time and effort with ” indecisos” – people who do not have intention of to buy what you sell. The undecided ones seem to be interested in which you sell because usually they make many questions, but the sale process does not advance after the third pursuit, is moment for returning to evaluate the sale to that potential client. In other words, it knows when to say ” cuando”.


At this first moment we will not have a literature directed toward the children, it only goes to be confectioned in Brazil in the end of century XIX and beginning of the XX. But the presence of the personages alone will go to happen in the end of 1920 and beginning of 1930. However, the representations always were atreladas the subordinate conditions (house servant, as the famous Aunt Anastcia, of the Small farm of Yellow Prick-Wood, Lobato Hunter? landmark of infanto-youthful literature.). However, it goes to happen an overturn in literary history in the year of 1975, since in this year it starts to be perceived a infanto-youthful literature, to be worried and to be compromised to a more realistic representation, ' ' but that nor therefore it left of being prejudiced discriminatory and/or racista' '. (SOUSA, 2005a). Concern, this, that comes if reiterating in the classrooms, therefore, as it affirms Sousa (2005b), has not an identification on the part of the black children with history, them is not identified. Sousa (2005b) makes mention to this problematic one using the following phrase: ' ' …

is only possible individual to keep its auto-identification as person of importance in the way that confirms this identity (Berger, 1993)' '. as still the incursions for the history of Africa are shy, are impracticable it child to keep an auto-identification with what it he seems strange, it arrive pejorativo at the eyes and ears, and these are the canals that result in the construction or not of an identity. It is Sousa (2005b, P. 114) who remembers in them that ' ' the instruments legislators as family, school and medias tend to disqualify the attributes of the segments ethnic-racial black ' ' e, therefore many of the pupils afro-descents develop auto-esteem acentuadamente low, as already it occurred, for example, with a pupil for which lecionei.

Jose Pain

and power to work in other places, but what it escapes in them many times are the factors that moored these relations, possibly a son or an friend or wife left for brings. It is what we will see more ahead, for the moment we are with the profit slaves. The case of the told Letter previously was not isolated fact. During the space of time of our research this practical appears regularly. Beyond the slave already mentioned Jose Pain, who bought its freedom in 1846, we find for the following year the slave of Felcia name, (mentioned previously) that it was party to inheritante of owner Francisca Igncia de Jesus who received from the hand of the slave the amount of eight doblos as he consists in current currency. 15 However notices it concern Mr. for the document that was passing, in the persistence of the commitment Mr. and in the representation of its image.

so that its heirs, and nor its executors revoked the Letter and possibly did not spot its image before society conservative, the Letter of Freedom was tacked well. So that in such a way former-Mr. preserved the bows of commitment of the slave with its. Nor my heirs and executors will embarrass themselves with the present Letter of Freedom and for being this of very mine he exempts will without person constaint some, if by chance in this paper lacking to some clause or clauses here ei for specified in general and when to appear some tending paper to this, obliged will be of nor a effect, being this prevailing, …. 16 the reason of this concern is based you in the logic of that the slave being a real estate, and existence of these clauses in the Letter, takes in to believe them that he had you intrigue and familiar quarrels between gentlemen and its dependents, these as future heirs had attended in the act of the expedition of the Letter of Freedom, the embezzlement of its patrimony of right.


This city had an esteem population, in 2004, of 23.971 inhabitants. Km possesss an area of 972,17 and is formed by the districts of: Ipubi (headquarters), Mountain range Branca and Serrolandia and for the town of the Mineradora Are Severino. The city is part of the Region of Development of the Araripe. This region represents 18.8% of the state territory with 18.576, 9 km and still encloses, the cities of Araripina, Bodoc, Cedar, Exu, Granite, Ouricuri, Moreilndia, Parnamirim, Willow, Santa Cruz, Filomena Saint, Serrita, Trindade and Verdejante. Its access if makes through BR-232 and PE-630. In 1938, agriculturists of some regions had started to inhabit the Farm Green Well, name inspired by a well that rare dried, its waters were crystalline, a part covered for aquatic plants that the green color of waters exaltava. These inhabitants had been attracted to this farm, for it to possess one ground predominantly argillaceous humid and of sufficient fertility, this had its localization in sop of the chapada one of Araripe.

The Well supplied all the region, to the side had three great leafy trees, the juazeiro, the tamboril and barana, whose shades sheltered the people who passed there in search of the rest. Comboieiros of some surrounding regions transited for trails, vilarejos, towns and cities, carrying lombo of donkeys with leather luggages the regional products: salt, pineapples, fish, salty, flours and others. The shade of the trees was the main place where if it carried through the first fair in 1938, created for the necessity of the inhabitants that little by little grew and if it extended in caatingas of the high pernambucano hinterland. Of simple form its inhabitants had carried through the first fair, main demonstration of the progress of the place, without tents, only to the shade of the trees, where products artisan and typical foods of the region had been displayed.

George Ponomarev

Others died under bullets or guards were caught by the fascists, they were severely punished and returned back to camp. In the POW camps and concentration camps in the French civilian work. Among them were the agents of the Resistance, which, when opportunity helped shoots small groups of prisoners and detainees. And fugitives passed to those who brought them to the guerrillas – poppies. After several unsuccessful escape from hard labor on the railroad car repair facility in Saarbrucken managed to escape from the Nazi hell, GP Ponomarev. About a month with a friend, he made his way PA Zakharkin in occupied France. Meeting with leaders of the resistance in the east of France, decided their fate: they Steel frantirerami – guerrillas.

The first baptism of fire in George Ponomarev received the night of 13 to 14 December 1943, taking part in the start-up enemy trains derailed near the station Barankur. Soon, along with a connected G. Ponomarev left in the forest area near the village of Lauzon, where he met a group of former Soviet prisoners of war. Then there were several people who arrived from Paris, and together they were in the main body of Verdun forest guerrilla group, which was called 'Stalingrad'. At the beginning of February 1944 almost unarmed guerrillas then derailed the train with the German outfit. Two weeks 'George', as they called Mr. Ponomarev French and six guerrillas in the area Spenkura derailed German troop train with guns and vehicles. February '23 day 'guerrilla commander' George 'said another blow to the enemy – the guerrillas knocked out the German defense in the post Canton Fresnes-en-Voevr.

Political Party Coexistence

This work have as study object the coexistence of two political parties who disputes the legacy of the Communist Party of Brazil of 1922. Both parties if auto intitle the continuation of this PC. Of a side Partido Brazilian Comunista (PCB), of another one the Communist Party of Brazil (PCdoB). We will analyze the history of the PC of Brazil since its foundation you influence, them that it suffered; mainly in the international field, its programs and its performance in the Brazilian working-class movement and before the bourgeois nationalistic governments of matrix. Which had been the determinative factors for this division of the Brazilian Communists, and adoption of new estimated theoreticians and adhesion in the two fields of International the Communist Movement (China or Soviet Unio). ‘ is not subject of this research others; ‘ rachas’ ‘ in the Brazilian left nor other laboring parties that exist or had existed in the country. But yes this specific disagreement of the Communist Party of Brazil and the quarrel around the strategical estimated ones of the two parties, either in the internal or external plan.

Patrimonial Education

(KNAUSS, Pablo ‘ ‘ on the norm and the bivo: the classroom as place of pesquisa’ ‘ , So Paulo; Cortez, 1996) Thus, all document must be faced as endowed with information on the period where it came, and also as fruit of an effort, carried through for researchers that had brought to the light these documents, I can cite the Letter of Vaz de Caminha, that it are forgotten for a long time, and later is changedded into ‘ ‘ birth certificate of the Brasil’ ‘ , then the document costuma to be used in the educative action, either during a expositiva lesson, either in the text of a didactic, used book with more sophistication, the document serves as provoking element, that even though considers in questions the representations and attitudes of crystallized historical the common sense and knowledge already, stimulating the debates, and the search of information. The document interpretation, whose estimated they are basically the same ones to understand the contents and languages of the current world, is understood that the task of the ofineiro is to stimulate the oficinandos to reflect on materials that many times pass unobserved in day-by-day, as charges and the periodical news, transforming them into historical documents, inside of the project of Patrimonial Education have another activities that are the organization of ‘ ‘ you wounded of documentos’ ‘ in which the organizadores display literal materials and iconographic on subjects of the present time, (social question of the land, movements, communication in mass etc.). In these expositions, made in schools or in spaces created by organizations, the users have the chance to reflect and to locate ahead of materials, the challenge is to provide conditions to read documents of the world. Finally, it could be distinguished that the work carried through in the Historical Archive together with the Patrimonial Education comes propitiating a set of action, where the pupil has theoretical the chance to apply the knowledge, getting of form constantly the perfectioning through the practical performance, at the same time to create forms to carry through new projects making the dissemination of the documentary preservation making possible, a more including way, the quarrel on the necessity to preserve and to restore.