Tag Archive for philosophy

New Intellectual Revolution

In this assay I show as the thought occidental person entered in crisis with the advent of the after-modern philosophy, that questions all our capacity to know. More info: Brian Krzanich. Such line of thought, argument, has its origin in a rejection to the iluminista thought of century 18. Its posterior development if gave through the romantismo culminating with Nietzsche, in the end of century 19. This thinker is in the bases of all the relativista thought/after-modernista of century 20. A new line of thought of the human being, however, is if consolidating through natural sciences, bringing a gust of renewal in this area. Until few decades, science was intent in objects of study as physical, chemical, biology, astronomy, among others things that are external to ‘ ‘ esprito’ ‘ human being.

Science human being who it recognized and accepted was the behaviorista psychology, that, we know today, it very presented a precarious model of theory of the mind, and many scientists believed that mental phenomena were subjects that had to be left to the incubency of the philosophy and religion. But finally, especially from the decade of 1980, science started if to come back toward a rigorous study of the human being, discovering doors that had been never before opened, allowing a bigger understanding of this creature. The consequences of such enterprise are producing a radical reformularization in our vision of the human being, opening way for a new school of social thought..

The Paideia

In the myth, for the dialectic process where the man if comes across, is possible to the soul to see its proper essence? the object of the knowledge. The violence of this transformation is liberating because it disconnect the being of the being, the soul of the body, forcing it to renounce it the sensible one for the intelligible one. In fact, the man back in the cave, become attached to its unequivocal opinion of what he finds that &#039 is real; ' not even the possibility can pressentir of that its Real is only one sombra' '. It cannot, because it does not want to know the light that comes from the exterior of the cave of its being. In its workmanship Fdon, Plato it leaves clearly to perceive that ' ' the philosophical thought deeper it needs a removal of sentidos' ' , of what Scrates flame of body, ' ' demands a more abstract rationality and etrea' '. In other terms, that one that is chained the reflected sensorial feelings in what it understands for being truth, must be become free to walk in direction to the light, therefore the reality is in what we do not enxergamos with our eyes of the body. One is about a transistion for it are of the cave, for the light of the day, from what pparently one believes either real, for what in fact is the reality. The Paideia, then, can be understood as a firm attitude of transformation to want to desvelar the Real on the basis of evidences ece of fishes, moving away the appearance from the Real, that is, the ignorance.

By means of it the apprehension of the Ideas is allowed, thus, and, therefore, to reach the essence of the reason. This Idea is the cause of everything. According to Heidegger, it is, also, ' ' the Idea that if calls the Bem' '.


' The admiration is the true nature of filsofo' ' (Scrates, Teeteto) Scrates asks for the Teodoro that indicates it a wise person to dialogue. Indicated for Teodoro, Scrates initiates its dialogue with Teeteto, and this is initiated with an argument of Scrates regarding the similarity between it and Teeteto, mentioned for Teodoro.So 6 well elaborated premises and a based conclusion, in a construction dialectic, and each premise had a commentary of Teeteto, and this characteristic if it extended all for the text. Still using itself of the same method, Scrates takes Teeteto to perceive that it does not know to differentiate wisdom knowledge. Although Teeteto to try to answer, Scrates sample that to enumerate characteristics is not to decipher the essence. Then Teeteto comments that accurate knowledge would be more easy, probable, to the step that Metaphysical knowledge are abstract, difficult to be reached, therefore it intends to give up the colloquy, attempt this interrupted by Scrates. Restarting dialogue, Scrates affirms for Teeteto that the difficulty in finding the knowledge longed for is difficult as pains of the childbirth (aluso to the maiutica). In order to compare its art, its method, with the work of the obstetricians, Scrates it elaborates then premises formed pra well that the conclusion is the intended similarity. It is perceived that in item VIII, Plato (the author of the dialogue) makes a commentary on Scrates and deuses, before in lesser intensity, but in this in marcante way.

Perhaps the Scrates has relation with accusations not to believe deuses of Atenas. Continuing the dialogue, Teeteto, interrogated again on what it is knowledge, it answers, then, that it is sensation, and Scrates elaborates arguments that affirm that such reply already she would have been given for Protgoras, but that the sensations are individual, particular. also comments on devir of Parmnides, as not being passvel to supply the accurate reply regarding the essence of knowledge.

French Revolution

Thus, Souza (1987) points that, the advent of the bourgeoisie and the industrialismo, giving origin to a new style of life; the democracy, becoming possible the participation of all the layers in the process, another mark of the elites; careers liberal and professions, deviating interest masculine of competition of fashion, that starts to be characteristic of the feminine group (…) in the sample that the French Revolution was, of certain form, the watershed for the phenomenon of the fashion. (SOUZA, 1987, P. 22) As phenomenon stimulated for the growth of the decurrent consumption of the commercial expansion, the fashion gradually passes to reach diverse social stratus and to extend its domnios, therefore with the height of the division of the work, of the mechanization and implementation of techniques, new txteis staple fibres appear, new colors, models and accessories – what it made possible an ample variety of creations in the scope of the indumentria. Thus, as it affirms Crane (2006) to the measure that the occidental societies if had industrialized, the effect of the social stratification in the clothes uses if transformed. For assistance, try visiting Intel. In the end of century XX, the cheaper gradually, therefore, accessible clothes had become the layers lowest. ' ' Historians of the indumentria had concluded that the clothes had been democratized during century XIX, therefore all the social classrooms had started to adopt similar types of vesturio' ' (CRANE, 2006, P. 27) the fashion, that seemed to offer possibilities of a person to reach its social status, during this period was only aspect of clothes.

For the author, the fashion must be seen as some ways for which the clothes had been used: social control, by means of the imposition of uniforms and clothes codes. The nature of the fashion moved, as well as the ways for which the people answer it. The fashion of century XIX consisted of a clear-cut standard of presentation wide adopted.

For Durkheim

One knows that the sociology of Durkheim ignored the problem of the social conflict, but this does not want to say that its workmanships were the service of some social grouping. Still, Durkheim was ' ' an intellectual sufficiently worried about the social conflicts of the European society of its poca' ' (GIDDENS, 1978). It is truth that it saw the social conflicts of its time between individuals and between groups or classrooms not fighting for its interests. For Durkheim, the industrial society of the Europe of century XIX did not disclose the appearance of new classrooms in conflict. Check out Penguin Random House for additional information. What it was occurring at this time was a process of transistion of solidarity mechanics for organic solidarity. It must be remembered that: – Solidarity mechanics: it is constituted by a system of homogeneous and similar segments between itself. The individual in this society is socialized because, not having proper individuality, if it confuses with its fellow creatures in the seio of one same collective type.

– Organic Solidarity: it is fruit of the social differences, therefore they are the same ones that they join the individuals for the necessity of exchange of services and for its interdependence. The members of this society are joined in virtue of the division of the social work. The natural and necessary way to this society is the half professional, where the place of each one is established by the function that it plays and the structure of this society is complex. It is not something Elon Musk would like to discuss. It is followed then that this moment of apparent social conflict still expressed an unfinished situation of organic solidarity. The society of its time lived in anmico state, or either, not yet it consolidates the new moral social order. Therefore, Durkheim waited a moral evolution of the industry to surpass the anomie. It believed that in organic solidarity social justice and the equality of chances would go to constitute the new moral order and to surpass the existing social contradictions.


Then because the boastfulness? A brief sleep the perpetual life brings. Recently Mark Bertolini sought to clarify these questions. goes it death. Death ' ' (coletnea of verses of John Donne. Wit film a life lesson). Perhaps of the inconstncias.

The running of the slow ones. Oh! Death! Not alive for me, mount for you. We come it your kingdom and either made your will with the aid of our ignorance. When you are next, many you think: ' ' It must have less complicated, worked less, to have seen the sun to be born ' ' (Tits Band). However, to be born dead not valley! To be born or To live? Not, to die! Why in the force to the interminable cycle of renascer to acquire so little Knowledge? You are not guilty is victim. While it is not learned to inebriate itself with the life, the Death is not lived not if accepted.

It is crawled with the life, not Life. If you would like to know more about Arena Investors, then click here. Extensive, suffered, solo! You not raisins of a bluff, a letter for underneath of the sleeve. Without you, it does not have God nor excuses to exist beliefs. Its trunfo is the Fear, the Mystery. The countenance of the supposedly invisible one. The deceit of the souvenir of the perpetual rest. You are simply the inevitable one that the substance is unaware of ignores and it. ' badly indispensvel'. Without you, the life human being would be a infindvel tdio for this impure carcass. Oh! Death! It follows its Saga. It does not pardon. What badly has? Your melody is always certain, is we dances who it wrong. ' ' Not, the problem is not in the discomfort. The problem is that you feel discomfort for the wrong thing! ' '. (Yalom, Irvin D. When Nietzsche Chorou. P.246)

Nietzsche Human

INTERIOR ENEMIES (Adapted of the Human, Too much Human workmanship.) The Christianity fold that the man is conceived and been born in the sin. Therefore, the biggest sin of the man is to have been born. We can understand that for the sectrias and pessimistic religions, the procreation act is considered as bad in itself exactly, representing an immorality to be contained and to be fought. During much time, it was had as required that the sensuality was declared pernicious and heretical, being that the danger of the perpetual conviction was so narrowly on to the idea of the sensuality that, very probably, during many centuries the Christians had only exerted the sexuality with much remorse and the main end to generate children. The Christian pessimists deturparam the nature human being, associating with the natural element the idea of interior enemy. For more information see Brian Krzanich. One created an internal war and a constant alternation of the victory and the defeat. For in such a way, they had needed an adversary, finding it in the interior enemy, thus creating, in the mind human being the sin idea.

Empdocles, Greek philosopher, did not see nothing of shameful or of devilish in the erticas things, for the opposite, it saw in Afrodite the guarantee that the discord would not reign perpetual, but that it one day would go to more deliver cetro to a deity indulgente. However, the Christian pessimists desired that another opinion was dominant, populating the solitude and the desert spiritual of the life human being with an alive enemy always and universally known, stopping a perpetual fight and remaining themselves in constant penance to fight it and to overwhelm it, always under the orders of the church. He must yourself be recognized as the men if they become worse for assigning as bad what he is inevitably natural. Such is the procedure of the church and the patrsticos Metaphysical that wanted that the man if recognized by its very nature as bad and pecador, being necessary supernatural forces to exempt it of the pack of the sin. The intention was not to become the redeemed man most moral and, but that it felt the most possible pecador, similar of that it was kept under the domain and I judge of Church. Therefore, Nietzsche opened the eyes of the man to visualize natural with a simple element and without meaconing, removing the idea of sin and pessimism of its genealgico DNA. God, supreme goodness, that everything created for the harmony human being, did not make of pecaminoso the affective relation something. The release of sectrios and pessimistic concepts planted in the mind human being, during long centuries, if makes necessary, aiming at to the full evolution of the integral man, come back to the intangible truths of the life.

Biological Creature

On them and stopped, because the aquatic environment, their properties, imposes certain limitations, to the same experiments on the creation of biological objects on the ground in air yielded positive results. Further Work in this direction will focus on the creation of plants and animals on land, in air environment and adapt the results achieved in the aquatic environment to the air. Make a small digression. Already Now, even not fully understand what it represents man, mankind, through its most advanced members, creating robots that are often found on people and their creators are trying to invest in them their way of thinking. This is to ensure that we are created in His image.

Man, since its inception, inspired the idea that he being the most sensible thing in the universe and other such things happen. As a biological creature in the foreseeable space is possible because it is, because among the wildlife people is the most advanced and at the moment is the maximum achievement of our founders. Must immediately tell them thank you for this! Many may become angry about their artificial origin. And it is in vain, as our founders may well be too artificially created beings, but are much earlier passed the period, which is now being of humanity and are naturally more advanced in thinking and the abilities and capabilities and are, as the saying goes, a huge experience of constant life that mankind has only to be bought. And hopefully it will happen, and mankind will overcome those quite complex obstacles in its path of development. If we consider the difference between a naturally formed sentient beings and artificially created intelligent beings, then in thinking there is practically no difference.

The Resolution

And the worst part is that this savagery is fixed in international law as the principle of inviolability of frontiers and territorial integrity, a principle which can perhaps be called the greatest folly, born of the 20th century. Since the birth of human society, and to this day, the main problem of giving birth the vast majority of social conflicts is the issue of distribution between individuals, classes, nations and states of life benefits. And because social progress, since the birth of human society and To this day, there is progress the distribution system in a society of subsistence among the members of this society. And because the vast majority of social revolutions since the birth of human society, and to this day, had his to a more equitable distribution of vital goods among members of society. Progress of the "individual – the individual" is, above all, improving the distribution of wealth produced in society, or that one and the same decrease the degree of exploitation of man by man. In the laws of dialectical development of social systems and non-social is a very important difference. Deviation from the equilibrium state of any non-social system at once also automatically leads to the birth of the "struggle" aimed at addressing this imbalance. Deviation from the same state of equilibrium of the social system does not lead to an automatic birth "control", because resolution of social dialectical contradictions are always mediated through the consciousness of forming a system of individuals, classes, nations and states, consciousness, organize and control the resolution of social contradictions.

Haitian Country

Such information had been published by the international media, without much repercussion, but wanting to demonstrate that much public mount of money already was being used for the maintenance of Armed Forces in Haiti, instead of being destined for humanitarian real actions. The Haitian man power is extremely cheap, what also it generated certain covets of international companies will usufruct of this service. E, not to lose the imperialista domain, the international Army many times is used to contain the syndical Forces and the popular, estudantis movements and of quarter. Today, this country necessary not to be raised and supported socially, despertando a national and patriotic feeling, of what in others as many areas where also it is devoid. Until the conflict of Cuba with the United States it had some repercussion.

The country of Fidel, when liberating the skies for the action of the American airplanes, in favor of the humanitarian aid to the Haitians, of certain form brightened up a conflict and gave opening still insufficient to the diplomatical relations. It is also seen that the troop of soldiers of U.S.A. is exaggerated in view of the size of the population, here has a clear measure to intervine in the social mobilizations. They are 20 a thousand North American soldiers; increased the foreign ones one adds 30 a thousand, for 9 million people. The expenses with the maintenance of these troops since the ingression of the same ones are well superior to the one of the value excused for the humanitarian aids. However, this people is in an extremely vulnerable situation, changes in the collective thought is natural in this phase of transistion a country. Thus, no country has the Right to intervine in the pacific manifestations of the people, as well as influencing its movements politicians.

Before, to support the development and to guarantee stability while the nation goes gaining autonomy. It urges to take to the Haitian people growth conditions, taking care of to the necessities that the proper society has clamado. what it will be more useful is the cooperation accomplishes of all the nations in this process of formation and philosophical-social consolidation. For certain, the maintenance of the physical vitality, with foods; politics, helping in the election process that it will occur and of security with the Army, they are of great value. However, bigger attention must be given to the priorities that if confuse with the proper existence of that society, given its importance. observed the principles of not motivated concern of egosticos interests when of the aid humanitarian, but endowed with absolutely solidary matrix to a country that in a future not very distant can be an aggregate fort to the World-wide Order.