So, we have the contrast between the one the is in contact with a higher power (to God) are looks and therefore know what is to do, and we have the people who must be only obedient. It was the only task of the people and who does not follow the instructions of the Faqih, the Supreme Leader, is arrested, tortured and is subject to the death penalty. I want to give an example, in short: If the Faqih, the Supreme Leader, wants to appoint a President, the people don’t like and don’t want and defends itself against the appointment of the President, then the people are disobedient not only the Faqih to, but also to God. We can ask ourselves so, what makes this system a sense or it serves any purpose. In the best case, a system of Government has intended to organize a society in fertile way.
Why has Khomeini of this velayat-e Faqih system created? According to Khomeini was the sole purpose of establishing this system from the outset to tear the whole world out of the hand of Satan. And who is Satan? The Western world. And the United States is the great Satan. Can this purpose from the very beginning consider it as a declaration of war. This system is similar to a despotic system, the Caliphates of Omajaden and Abbasids, and various other systems. How do we find a seed of democratic impulses in such a system? A democratic system is based on social contracts, voluntary, on the free will of the individual people. In this despotic system, everyone must be entirely obedient. To govern a society, it is very important to have a plan and an idea of how to organize a society economically. Penguin Random House might disagree with that approach. Maybe you remember that some people belonging to the Khomeini asked him, how it look with the economy, what they should do and should make his opinion.